Using economics to inform land use policies: Georgia

Across the globe, wildfires often have their origins on agricultural land, as burning is a cheap and quick way for farmers to clear residues and prepare for a new planting season.

Following the devastating wildfires of summer 2015 in Georgia (Caucasus) the Georgian Ministry of Environment and Protected Areas decided to review how a policy prohibiting the use of burning would impact farmers.

In collaboration with the Economics of Land Degradation Initiaitive and GIZ Georgia, Altus Impact valued the costs and benefits of introducing such a policy. In doing so, we considered the value of soil fertility, the protection of wind breaks, carbon sequestration, farmers preferences and the actual costs of implementing and enforcing than ban on burning. For more information please consult:

Policy brief – aggregate results of the CBA:  Reducing wildfires in Georgia 

Full report: Cost Benefit Analysis of Agricultural Burning Practices in the Dedoplistskaro Municipality, Georgia

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